Fatty liver is a silent disease in the early stages of no clear symptoms, where symptoms start to appear after several years.
Fatty liver occurs as a result of increasing the fat content in the liver from the normal rate of (5 to 10 %) of the weight of the liver. In this article, we will present in detail what is fatty liver? What are its symptoms? What are its types? Some ways to avoid your liver getting fatty.
What are the Causes of Fatty Liver?
There are several reasons that cause the liver gets fatty, for instance:
- Excessive intake of foods of saturated fats and monounsaturated sugars, where the surplus is stored in the form of fat.
- Metabolism Constipation
- High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Cell resistance to insulin and diabetes
- Some medications like Cortisone, diuretics, and Contraceptives.
What are the Main Types of Fatty Livers?
There are two main types of fatty livers:
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD):
This type occurs when liver fats build up with people who do not consume alcohol.
This type is also known as simple non-alcoholic fatty live if no complications or inflammations take place with liver fats.
- Alcoholic fatty liver disease (ALFD)
It goes without saying that alcohol deteriorates the liver health. As a result, the liver efficiency in breaking fats down is lower, and fats build up.
What are Fatty Liver Symptoms?
In most cases, the symptoms of fatty liver are not clear, yet people with fatty liver feel tired generally.
Fatty liver can lead to serious complications, for instance, liver scarring which is also known as liver fibrosis.
The symptoms of fatty liver include:
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- itchy skin
- abdominal swelling
- yellow eyes
- yellow skin
- abdominal pain
- swelling of your legs
- breast enlargement
- Dark urine
- Pale stool
How Fatty Liver Disease Can be Treated or Avoided?
On the one hand, no exact medication is used to treat fatty liver disease. Many researches are conducted to develop some fatty liver medications.
On the other hand, there are some lifestyle tips that can save your liver from getting fatty:
- Avoid alcohol
- Lose weight
- Do sports regularly
- Stop using medications without a physician’s prescription
- Eat foods that are rich in Omega-3
- Limit sugar and salt use